A dark time in Bagni di Lucca

During WWII the Hotel Terme in Bagni Caldi was chosen by the Interior Minister of the Fascist R.S.I (Italian Social Republic) as the district concentration camp.

Between December 1943 and January 1944 more than 100 Jews were interned in the camp.

The larger group was composed of almost 60 foreign Jews, sent to Castelnuovo di Garfagnana during the second half of 1941 in “free internment”.

A small group of foreign Jews, who were already free in BdL, and about 30 Italian Jews arrested in other places in the district joined them.

On 23rd January 1944 the interned Jews were transported from Bagni di Lucca to Florence, then to Milan. On 30th January they were sent to Auschwitz.

Only 5 out of more than 100 Jews from Bagni di Lucca survived deportation.

The information came from researchgate.net.

14 thoughts on “A dark time in Bagni di Lucca

  1. It was most unfortunate that these poor people were deported to Auschwitz were survival rates for all those interned, including Jews, Roms, homosexuals and political prisoners from several countries, were extremely low. Had they stayed in Bagni di Lucca, it is quite possible that the large majority would have survived. In spite of being a Fascist ally, survival rates for Jews in Italy was considerably higher than in other countries http://www.commdiginews.com/history-and-holidays/the-largely-untold-story-rescuing-jews-in-mussolinis-italy-18563/
    Those times were terrible and Bagni di Lucca suffered a lot because it was located within the Gothic Line. We only have to take a little stroll to see the amount of plaques commemorating and honoring those who died. It was a miracle that Bagni di Lucca survived. For this reason, every four years in Septembre there is a procession with lights (luminaria) coming from S Pietro in Corsena to La Villa, fulfilling a promise made by the population.
    Let’s hope and pray that those horrible times will never come back and people from all creeds, ethnic groups, sexual orientation and political beliefs will not be persecuted by totalitarian regimes.

    • Mulino, my mother’s great aunt Maria lived in Calomini, and her great uncle Pietro Moriconi lived in Gallicano during the Gothic Line. it appears that Maria’s house was bombed because my grandmother had a photo of aunt Maria standing on the second floor of a building with only 3 walls.

      In 1937 Pietro and his wife Maria Tafrdelli sent their youngest son Giorgio Moriconi to Cincinnati to keep from having to serve Mussolini in the Gioventù Italiana del Littorio.

      http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Moriconi-15

      I was told that the Nazi’s used Pietro Moriconi’s house in Gallicano as a base, as an explanation as to why it was not damaged during the Gothic Line.

      This photo is just a few days before the Buffalo soldiers successfully beat back the Nazis in 1944.

      http://www.wikitree.com/photo/jpg/Moriconi-11-1

    • Mulino, my mother’s great aunt Maria lived in Calomini, and her great uncle Pietro Moriconi lived in Gallicano during the Gothic Line. it appears that Maria’s house was bombed because my grandmother had a photo of aunt Maria standing on the second floor of a building with only 3 walls.

      In 1937 Pietro and his wife Maria Tafrdelli sent their youngest son Giorgio Moriconi to Cincinnati to keep from having to serve Mussolini in the Gioventù Italiana del Littorio.

      http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Moriconi-15

      I was told that the Nazi’s used Pietro Moriconi’s house in Gallicano as a base, as an explanation as to why it was not damaged during the Gothic Line.

      This photo is just a few days before the Buffalo soldiers successfully beat back the Nazis in 1944.

      http://www.wikitree.com/photo/jpg/Moriconi-11-1

  2. And now antisemitism is raising in Europe again, because Europe is getting a new population. 15.000 jews fled from France the last two years, many from Sweden too. It is a shame. Did we learn anything?

  3. There is a memorial in the park in Fornoli dedicated to a young child named Lillian Orvach. She died at Auscshwitz. Perhaps she was one of the locals sent away. We discovered the memorial marker on our walk on Nov 11, 2015. That somehow made it more poignant.

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