During WWII the Hotel Terme in Bagni Caldi was chosen by the Interior Minister of the Fascist R.S.I (Italian Social Republic) as the district concentration camp.
Between December 1943 and January 1944 more than 100 Jews were interned in the camp.
The larger group was composed of almost 60 foreign Jews, sent to Castelnuovo di Garfagnana during the second half of 1941 in “free internment”.
A small group of foreign Jews, who were already free in BdL, and about 30 Italian Jews arrested in other places in the district joined them.
On 23rd January 1944 the interned Jews were transported from Bagni di Lucca to Florence, then to Milan. On 30th January they were sent to Auschwitz.
Only 5 out of more than 100 Jews from Bagni di Lucca survived deportation.
The information came from researchgate.net.